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Intergovernmental Organizations

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
CGIAR's mission is to achieve sustainable food security and reduce poverty in developing countries through scientific research and research-related activities in the fields of agriculture, forestry, fisheries, policy, and environment.

Council of Europe
At the Vienna Summit in October 1993, the Heads of State and Government set out new political aims, casting the Council of Europe as the guardian of democratic security - founded on human rights, democracy and the rule of law. Democratic security is an essential complement to military security, and is a pre-requisite for the continent's stability and peace.

EUROPA - Gateway to the European Union
Provides coverage of European Union affairs and information on European integration. Users can also consult all legislation currently in force or under discussion, access the websites of each of the EU institutions, and find out about the policies administered by the European Union under the powers devolved to it by the Treaties.

Free Trade Area of the Americas
Effort to unite the economies of the Americas into a single free trade area.

Annual meeting of the heads of state or government of the major industrial democracies to deal with major economic and political issues facing their domestic societies and the international community as a whole.

Group of 77 (G-77)
Largest Third World coalition in the United Nations; provides the means for the developing world to articulate and promote its collective economic interests and enhance its joint negotiating capacity on all major international economic issues in the United Nations system, and promote economic and technical cooperation among developing countries. Although the membership of the G-77 has increased to 135 countries, the original name was retained because of its historic significance.

International Atomic Energy Association
Works with Member States and multiple partners worldwide to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies.

International Labour Organization (ILO)
Formulates international labour standards in the form of Conventions and Recommendations setting minimum standards of basic labour rights: freedom of association, the right to organize, collective bargaining, abolition of forced labour, equality of opportunity and treatment, and other standards regulating conditions across the entire spectrum of work related issues.

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Established to promote international monetary cooperation, exchange stability, and orderly exchange arrangements; to foster economic growth and high levels of employment; and to provide temporary financial assistance to countries to help ease balance of payments adjustment.

International Trade Centre (ITC)
Technical cooperation agency of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) for operational, enterprise-oriented aspects of trade development.

NAFTA Secretariat
Established pursuant to Article 2002 of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); administers the mechanisms specified under the NAFTA to resolve trade disputes between national industries and/or governments in a fair, timely and impartial manner.

Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Movement of 115 member countries representing the interests and priorities of developing countries; current focus is the advocacy of solutions to global economic and other problems.

North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation
Addresses regional environmental concerns, helps prevent potential trade and environmental conflicts and promotes the effective enforcement of environmental law. Members include Canada, Mexico and the United States.
Publisher: Commission for Environmental Cooperation

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)
Alliance of 26 countries from North America and Europe committed to fulfilling the goals of the North Atlantic Treaty signed on 4 April 1949. In accordance with the Treaty, the fundamental role of NATO is to safeguard the freedom and security of its member countries by political and military means.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Group of 30 member countries sharing a commitment to democratic government and the market economy.

Organization of African Unity (OAU)
To promote the unity and solidarity of the African States; defend the sovereignty of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism; promote international cooperation having due regard for the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; coordinate and harmonize Member States economic, diplomatic, educational, health, welfare, scientific and defense policies.

Organization of American States (OAS)
On April 30, 1948, 21 nations of the hemisphere met in Bogota, Colombia, to adopt the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS), which affirmed their commitment to common goals and respect for each nation's sovereignty. Since then, the OAS has expanded to include the nations of the Caribbean, as well as Canada.

World Bank Group
Development Bank which provides loans, policy advice, technical assistance and knowledge sharing services to low and middle income countries to reduce poverty.

World Health Organization
WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
International organization dedicated to promoting the use and protection of works of the human spirit. These works -- intellectual property -- are expanding the bounds of science and technology and enriching the world of the arts. Through its work, WIPO plays an important role in enhancing the quality and enjoyment of life, as well as creating real wealth for nations.

World Trade Organization (WTO)
International organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations; the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world's trading nations and ratified in their parliaments, are the founding charter of the organization and the basis for everything the WTO does.

Electronic Information System for International Law (EISIL)
Database of authenticated primary materials, authoritative websites, and helpful research guides to a broad range of international law topics on the Internet. Users can connect directly to the web resource that interests them by clicking on its title, but will also find valuable added information through a "More Information" link, including legal citations, entry into force and signature dates, amendments and brief descriptions. Go to "About EISIL" for more information on the project.
Publisher: American Society for International Law.

See also United Nations System, Non-Governmental Organizations, and other Foreign and International Law Resources.


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