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LexisNexis and Westlaw Search Examples

Updated Fall 2008


Suggested searches are shown in italics .

If you want to on LexisNexis on Westlaw
Restrict Search by Date – add at end of search

and date = 07/04/2007 or
and date is 07/04/2007

and date < 07/04/2007 or
and date before 07/04/2007

and date > 07/04/2007 or
and date after 07/04/2007

and da(07/04/2007)

and da(bef 07/04/2007)

and da(aft 07/04/2007)

Search for a Phrase

must use " quotation marks " in natural language searches; not needed but okay in terms & connectors searches

Example:  "consumer protection" will search for documents containing the phrase

Example:  consumer protection will search for documents containing the phrase

must use " quotation marks " in natural language searches and terms & connectors searches

Example:  "consumer protection" will search for documents containing the phrase

Example:  consumer protection will search for documents containing either word

Search for Any Term

must use or (it is not implied); words not separated by "or" (or another connector) will be read as a phrase

Example:  automobile or auto or car or vehicle will search for documents containing any of the four words

Example:  automobile auto car vehicle will search for any documents containing the phrase

or is implied by a space but okay to use; words not connected by quotation marks or a connector will be searched in the alternative

Example:  automobile or auto or car or vehicle will search for documents containing any of the four words

Example:  automobile auto car vehicle will search for documents containing any of the four words

Search for All Terms

use and to search for terms in the same document

Example:  "consumer protection" and vehicle will search for documents containing both terms ("consumer protection" and vehicle) anywhere in the document

use and to search for terms in the same document

Example:  "consumer protection" and vehicle will search for documents containing both terms ("consumer protection" and vehicle) anywhere in the document

Search for Terms in Same Paragraph

use w/p or /s to search for terms in the same paragraph

Example:  "consumer protection" /p vehicle will search for documents containing both terms in the same paragraph

use /p to search for terms in the same paragraph

Example: "consumer protection" /p vehicle will search for documents containing both terms in the same paragraph

Search for Terms in Same Sentence

use w/s or /s to search for terms in the same sentence

Example:  "consumer protection" /s vehicle will search for documents containing both terms in the same sentence

use /s to search for terms in the same sentence

Example:  "consumer protection" /s vehicle will search for documents containing both terms in the same sentence

Singulars and Plurals

singular search terms retrieve singulars and most plurals; plural search terms retrieve singulars and most plurals

Example:  vehicle will search for vehicle and vehicles

Example:  vehicles will search for vehicle and vehicles

singular search terms retrieve singulars and most plurals; plural search terms retrieve only plurals

Example:  vehicle will search for vehicle and vehicles

Example:  vehicles will search only for vehicles

Search by Parts of Document

use Segments

Example:  LN-SUMMARY ("consumer protection") will search for cases that contain the term "consumer protection" in the LexisNexis summary

Example:  OPINIONBY(Karmeier) will search for cases in which Justice Karmeier wrote the principal opinion.

use Fields

Example:  SY,DI("consumer protection") will search for cases that contain the term "consumer protection" in the West synopsis, topics, or headnotes

Example:  JU(Karmeier) will search for cases in which Justice Karmeier wrote the principal opinion.

Hyphens

hyphenated word is also searched as two words

Example:  on-line will search for "on line" and on-line, but not online

hyphenated word is also searched as one word or two words

Example:  on-line will search for online, "on line" and on-line

Universal Character / Wildcard

use * to replace a single character

Example:  wom*n will search for women and woman

use * to replace a single character

Example: wom*n will search for women and woman

Root Expander / Wildcard

use ! to replace any number of characters at end of word

Example:  liab ! will search for liable or liability

use ! to replace any number of characters at end of word

Example:  liab ! will search for liable or liability

Narrowing Results

use FOCUS to search within search results

use LOCATE to search within search results

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